Cushing, Harvey Williams

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 8 April 1869 Cleveland, Ohio, USA
d. 7 October 1939 New Haven, Connecticut, USA
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American neurosurgeon and innovator of antihaemorrhagic techniques including the use of electrocoagulation.
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Cushing graduated in medicine from Harvard University in 1895, having already acquired an arts degree at Yale (1891). He held posts in Boston and at Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, from 1897 until 1890, and then travelled abroad. After studying in Germany and England he returned to Baltimore to become Assistant Professor of Surgery in 1903 working under W.S. Halsted, a post he held until 1912. In 1905 he started specializing in neurosurgery, undertaking much experimental work and developing new instruments and techniques, such as spinal anaesthesia and in particular the electrosurgical methods pioneered by W.T. Bovie.
Returning to Harvard as Professor of Surgery, he established a renowned school of neurosurgery. He retired from Harvard in 1932, becoming Stirling Professor of Neurosurgery until 1937 and then Director of Studies in the History of Medicine at Yale.
His researches in neurophysiology were extensive and the eponymous pituitary syndrome is only one of a large number of discoveries in the field. He was awarded numerous honours, both American and international. He was a noted bibliophile, particularly of medical books and manuscripts, and his own extensive collection was bequeathed to Yale, becoming an important part of the Historical Medical Library.
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Bibliography
1928, "Electrosurgery as an aid to the removal of intracranial tumours", Surg. Gynec. Obstet.
1912, The Pituitary Body and its Disorders.
1928, Tumours Arising from the Blood-vessels of the Brain. 1925, Life of Sir William Osler.
Further Reading
J.F.Fulton, 1946, Harvey Cushing: A Biography.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cushing,Harvey Williams — Cush·ing (ko͝oshʹĭng), Harvey Williams. 1869 1939. American neurologist noted for his study of the brain and the pituitary gland. * * * …   Universalium

  • Cushing, Harvey Williams — born April 8, 1869, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. died Oct. 7, 1939, New Haven, Conn. U.S. surgeon. He taught principally at Harvard University and became known as the leading neurosurgeon of the early 20th century, developing many procedures and… …   Universalium

  • Cushing, Harvey Williams — (8 abr. 1869, Cleveland, Ohio, EE.UU.–7 oct. 1939, New Haven, Conn.). Cirujano estadounidense. Enseñó principalmente en la Universidad de Harvard y se hizo conocido como el neurocirujano más destacado de los inicios del s. XX, desarrollando… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Harvey Williams Cushing — [ˈkʊʃɪŋ] (* 8. April 1869 in Cleveland (Ohio); † 7. Oktober 1939 in New Haven (Connecticut)) war ein US amerikanischer Neurologe und Chirurg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harvey Williams Cushing — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cartel con breve reseña histórica de su vida en el Cementerio de Lake View Harvey Williams Cushing (Cleveland, Ohio el 8 de abril de 1869 7 de octubre de 1939). Fue un médico estadounidense, instaur …   Wikipedia Español

  • Harvey W. Cushing — Harvey Williams Cushing [ˈkʊʃɪŋ] (* 8. April 1869 in Cleveland (Ohio); † 7. Oktober 1939 in New Haven (Connecticut)) war ein US amerikanischer Neurologe und Chirurg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harvey (Vorname) — Harvey [ˈhɑːvɪ] ist ein alter englischer männlicher Vorname. Der Name war in Großbritannien erstmals nach der normannischen Invasion verbreitet und wurde im 19. Jahrhundert wiederbelebt. Herkunft Der Name stammt aus dem Altenglischen und bedeutet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cushing — Cushing, Harvey William Cushing, enfermedad de Cushing, síndrome de * * * (as used in expressions) Cushing, Caleb Cushing, Harvey Williams Cushing, síndrome de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Harvey — Harvey, William * * * (as used in expressions) Harvey Lavan Cliburn, Jr. Cushing, Harvey Williams Firestone, Harvey S(amuel) Harvey, William Keitel, Harvey Kellogg, John Harvey y W(ill) K(eith) Lawrence Harvey Zeiger Milk, Harvey (Bernard) Oswald …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Williams — Williams, Alberto Williams, Betty Williams, Eric Eustace Williams, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Roger Williams, Tennessee Williams, William Carlos * * * (as used in expressions) …   Enciclopedia Universal

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